IMAGEIntegrated Model to Assess the Global Environment.

Energy demand (Energy)

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Interpretation of theme:
Is item of theme: Energy

Related overviews

Energy demand (Energy) associations

Policy themes are used to classify Key policy issues and policy interventions. The tables below contain the issues and interventions associated with theme item Energy demand (Energy).

Associated Key policy issues and their components

ComponentDescription
Air pollution and energy policies How can the goals for affordable, clean and reliable energy be achieved taking into account possible synergies and trade-offs?
Air pollution and energy policies How do energy policies contribute to economic and social development, and how do they support or hamper a more sustainable future?
Energy demand How can energy efficiency contribute to reducing the growth rate of energy demand and mitigate pressures on the global environment?
Energy demand What is the mix of end-use energy carriers to meet future energy demand?
Energy demand How will energy demand evolve particularly in emerging and medium- and low-income economies?
Energy supply How can energy supply and demand be balanced between world regions, and how will this effect security of supply?
Energy supply and demand How can energy supply and demand become more sustainable, balancing human development, security of supply, and concerns about climate change and air pollution?

Associated policy interventions, their components and the affected components

Policy interventionDescriptionImplemented inAffects component
Apply emission and energy intensity standards Apply emission intensity standards for e.g. cars (gCO2/km), power plants (gCO2/kWh) or appliances (kWh/hour).
Implementation of biofuel targets Policies to enhance the use of biofuels, especially in the transport sector. In the Agricultural economy component only 'first generation' crops are taken into account. The policy is implemented as a budget-neutral policy from government perspective, e.g. a subsidy is implemented to achieve a certain share of biofuels in fuel production and an end-user tax is applied to counterfinance the implemented subsidy.
Implementation of sustainability criteria in bio-energy production Sustainability criteria that could become binding for dedicated bio-energy production, such as the restrictive use of water-scarce or degraded areas.