IMAGEIntegrated Model to Assess the Global Environment.

Energy system (Energy)

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Interpretation of theme:
Is item of theme: Energy

Related overviews

Energy system (Energy) associations

Policy themes are used to classify Key policy issues and policy interventions. The tables below contain the issues and interventions associated with theme item Energy system (Energy).

Associated Key policy issues and their components

ComponentDescription
Energy demand How can energy efficiency contribute to reducing the growth rate of energy demand and mitigate pressures on the global environment?
Energy supply How rapidly can the transition to more sustainable energy supply be made?
Energy supply How can energy resources be exploited to meet future primary energy demand?
Energy supply and demand How can energy supply and demand become more sustainable, balancing human development, security of supply, and concerns about climate change and air pollution?

Associated policy interventions, their components and the affected components

Policy interventionDescriptionImplemented inAffects component
Apply emission and energy intensity standards Apply emission intensity standards for e.g. cars (gCO2/km), power plants (gCO2/kWh) or appliances (kWh/hour).
Energy tax or subsidiy Changing the prices through energy tax or subsidy for the various energy carriers influences the choice of technology and thus the level of emissions.
Implementation of biofuel targets Policies to enhance the use of biofuels, especially in the transport sector. In the Agricultural economy component only 'first generation' crops are taken into account. The policy is implemented as a budget-neutral policy from government perspective, e.g. a subsidy is implemented to achieve a certain share of biofuels in fuel production and an end-user tax is applied to counterfinance the implemented subsidy.