IMAGEIntegrated Model to Assess the Global Environment.

Sanitation measures

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Description: Increase the access to improved sanitation, and connection to sewage systems; institution of wastewater treatment installations; recycling of human waste for substitution of synthetic fertilisers.
Is implemented in: Nutrients
Associated theme items: Access to drinking water (Water)


Effects of this policy intervention on components

Component: Nutrients

Effect : This option has no consequences for nutrient budgets. Connection of inhabitants to sewage systems concentrates nutrient flows and generally leads to increasing pollution of surface water if not combined with wastewater treatment; Treatment results in a reduction of nutrient discharge.