Nature Outlook 2010-2040

European policy

field with flowering edges

European directives, such as the Birds and Habitats Directives, set out the framework for EU Member States, but do not prevent Member States from seeking additional policy room.

Create room for multiple use at European level

In Europe, there is a growing awareness of the various motives that drive nature policy, and that use of nature is a prerequisite to maintain public support for nature policy. This trend can be seen, among other things, in the EU Biodiversity Strategy to 2020 which asks Member States to develop policy aimed at the use of ecosystem services. The Dutch Government could encourage thinking in terms of multiple uses at European level, as illustrated in this Nature Outlook, and in this way help to create more room for combined use of nature. Pursuing this strategy, however, does require a fair amount of patience.

Anticipate the reform of the EU policies on farming and fisheries in 2020

The Dutch Government could start preparing for the reform of the Common Agricultural and Common Fisheries Policies, due around 2020. A long-term vision for Dutch nature policy could be helpful in this context.

The Nature Outlook is a statutory product of the PBL Netherlands Environmental Assessment Agency with cooperation from Wageningen UR.