Working with Nature
In Working with Nature, functions of nature are considered the basis for human life. People use natural processes and strive for an optimal, long-term delivery of services from these natural systems to society and the economy. For example, agriculture fully utilises biological processes with respect to soil, pollination and natural pest control. Integrated agricultural and forestry systems have become common in dry regions. Cities contain many trees, plants and water streams, providing water retention, and fresh and cool air for their inhabitants. Upstream forests, bogs and marshes and wide riverbeds decrease the risk of floods. An integrated approach to land-use planning is important to allocate functions in such a way that the benefits of various ecosystem services can be ensured. From the Working with Nature perspective, citizens behave as conscious consumers, with a healthy diet that contains less meat. Green frontrunners from business, finance, health and nature organisations, citizens’ organisations and research, all have been cooperating in the transition towards a green society. Possible roles of government are those of stimulating innovation and innovation networks, pricing external effects and paying for ecosystem services.