For each of the four perspectives in the Nature Outlook, we assess the state of biodiversity and ecosystem services in 2050. We use a modelling framework to derive the impacts of the changes in for example land use, climate and water quality. The models included are Bioscore, GLOBIO Aquatic and various models for ecosystem services.

The perspectives are assessed using indicators on the status of species, habitats and services. The indicators are in line with the present policy vision for 2050 in the EU Biodiversity Strategy. The current status and a reference scenario are also assessed. The assessment shows how specific interventions included in the perspectives contribute to the protection of species, habitats and services.