The geography of future water challenges

About this site

This website is based on the report by PBL Netherlands Environmental Assessment Agency.

For questions and comments, contact us via or @nlenvironagency.

On Tuesday August 28 2018, PBL Netherlands Environmental Assessment Agency in collaboration with the Ministry of Foreign Affairs presented the book 'the geography of future water challenges' at the World Water Week in Stockholm. During a sofa session, the Dutch Water Envoy Henk Ovink and Maimbo Malesu, program coordinator water management at The World Agroforestry Center, were interviewed about the challenges faced by the drylands from a global and local perspective.


Contact PBL

PBL Netherlands Environmental Assessment Agency

  • Willem Ligtvoet
  • Arno Bouwman
  • Joost Knoop
  • Sophie de Bruin
  • Kersten Nabielek
  • Hiddo Huitzing
  • Jan Janse
  • Jelle van Minnen
  • David Gernaat
  • Peter van Puijenbroek
  • Jan de Ruiter
  • Hans Visser

In collaboration with:


  • Hessel Winsemius
  • Karen Meijer

Wageningen University
& Research (WUR)

  • Hester Biemans
  • Ronald Hutjes

IVM Institute for
Environmental Studies

  • Philip Ward
  • Johanna Englhardt
  • Andres Diaz Loaiza
  • Ted Veldkamp


  • Eddy Moors
  • Janez Susnik

Clingendael Institute

  • Louise van Schaik
  • Ernst Kuneman

Utrecht University

  • Rens van Beek
  • Marc Bierkens

Blueland Consultancy

  • Wilfried ten Brinke

English-language editing

  • Annemieke Righart, PBL Publishers


  • Schwandt Information Design

Web development

  • Leukeleu

Commissioned by

    Henk Ovink, Special Envoy for International Water Affairs


Setting the scene

Pripyat river in polesie, Ukraine
© PureBudget

Water and food production

Toshka, Egypt
Shawn Baldwin for the New York Times
© Hollandse Hoogte/New York Times

Water pollution and human health

Women Carrying Drinking Water, Haiti
Wesley Bocxe/Science Source
© Imageselect


Houses submerged by flood waters in Chennai, India
© Hollandse Hoogte/AP | Associated Press

Water-related energy production

Floodwater gushes out of the Three Gorges Dam on the Yangtze River, China
© Hollandse Hoogte/Image China

Ecological quality of water ecosystems

Villagers clear aquatic plants on outer Zibi Lake, China
© Hollandse Hoogte/Shen Hong Xinhua/eyevine

Water, migration and conflict

Thousands Displaced by Floods and Conflict, Somalia
© UN Photo/Tobin Jones

Multiple challenges

Mumbai urban area close to the coastline at low tide.
© Thomas Loster

Bending the trend

Local population of Madagascar growing their crops
© Willem Ligtvoet